MySQL/Setting up MySQL

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Share libraries w/MySQL, guide:

  1. Introduction
  2. Setting up MySQL
  3. Setting up XBMC

You'll need to choose which of your computers, XBMC devices, or NAS will be the MySQL server. The server needs to be on 24/7 or have wake-on-lan (preferably the former), and needs to have a local static IP. You will probably want the XBMC device that is hosting most or all of your videos and music to also be the MySQL server, but this is not required.

Attention.png NOTICE:
Users are reporting issues with MySQL 5.6. Use MySQL 5.5 instead.
Future Gotham feature: This is now fixed in nightly builds!

MySQL can be installed on just about every major OS:

[edit]

Ubuntu Linux:

  1. $sudo apt-get install mysql-server (see also: https://help.ubuntu.com/10.04/serverguide/C/mysql.html )
  2. Create a password when asked
  3. To configure MySQL to listen for connections from network hosts, edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf and change the bind-address directive to the server's IP address:
    1. from: bind-address = 127.0.0.1
    2. to: bind-address = 192.168.0.5
    • Note: Replace 192.168.0.5 with the appropriate address.
    • Note: To allow local and remote access try comment out bind-address using a hash(#) or use bind-address = 0.0.0.0
  4. Restart your MySQL server. $sudo restart mysql
  5. Get into the MySQL command line utility: $mysql -u root -p
  6. Enter the following commands:
    1. Type in: CREATE USER 'xbmc' IDENTIFIED BY 'xbmc'; and press return
    2. Type in: GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'xbmc'; and press return
  7. Close out the command line tool with \q

Arch Linux:

  • Please note: Arch, along with many other distributions, has migrated to the faster and more open MariaDB. It is a drop in replacement to MySQL and, thus, XBMC will require no modifications to work with it.
  1. Install MariaDB: $ sudo pacman -S mariadb
  2. Start the service: $ sudo systemctl start mysqld
  3. To have it automatically launch at startup: $ sudo systemctl enable mysqld
  4. Create a password: $ /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation This will also clean up the demo database.
  5. Get into the MariaDB command line utility: $ mysql -u root -p
  6. Enter the following commands:
    1. Type in: CREATE USER 'xbmc' IDENTIFIED BY 'xbmc'; and press return
    2. Type in: GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'xbmc'; and press return
  7. Close out the command line tool with \q

RedHat based Linux (RHEL, CentOS, Fedora):

  1. $sudo yum install mysql-server
  2. Create a password when asked
  3. To configure MySQL to listen for connections only from network hosts, edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf and add the bind-address directive to the server's IP address:
    bind-address = 192.168.0.5
    • Note: Replace 192.168.0.5 with the appropriate address.
    • Note: Alternatively you can leave this file as is to allow local and remote access.
  4. Restart your MySQL server. $sudo /sbin/service mysqld restart
    • Recommended - Set your MySQL root password with /usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'
  5. Get into the MySQL command line utility: $mysql -u root -p
    • Enter your MySQL root password as set above, or just press enter if you didn't set one to log in with a blank password
  6. Enter the following commands:
    1. Type in: CREATE USER 'xbmc' IDENTIFIED BY 'xbmc'; and press return
    2. Type in: GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'xbmc'; and press return
  7. Close out the command line tool with \q

Mac OS X:

  1. Download a copy of MySQL server from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/
  2. In Mac OS X, go to System Preferences -> MySQL, and click on “Start MySQL Server”. You’ll also want to tick to enable the “Automatically … on Startup” option.
  3. Now to set up the "xbmc" user in MySQL and give it access. Launch Terminal.app on your Mac and issue the following commands, one line at a time:
    1. sudo /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql
    2. CREATE USER 'xbmc' IDENTIFIED BY 'xbmc';
    3. GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'xbmc';
    4. exit
  4. Remain in Terminal.app. Now you'll be giving other computers on your network access to MySQL. Enter the next set of commands, one line at a time:
    1. cd /usr/local/mysql/support-files/
    2. sudo cp my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf
      The command line will ask for your Mac OS X user password. Enter it and press return. No text will show when you type your password in, this is normal.
    3. cd /etc
    4. sudo nano my.cnf
      This opens a file in a command line text editor
    5. Scroll down to the [mysqld] section and add or edit the following line so that it appears as:
      bind-address = ***.***.***.***
    6. Save and exit from the command line text editor
  5. Reboot the Mac, or restart the MySQL service from the System Preferences pane you installed earlier


Windows:

  1. Download a copy of MySQL server from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/
  2. Select Standard configuration
  3. Create a password when asked
  4. Select that you want the database to have network access when prompted during installation.
  5. Open the "MySQL Command Line Client" from the MySQL start menu
  6. Enter the following commands:
    1. Type in: CREATE USER 'xbmc' IDENTIFIED BY 'xbmc'; and press return
    2. Type in: GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'xbmc'; and press return
  7. Close out the command line tool
  8. If you're using a firewall such as the one that's built into Windows, you will need to do this next step.
  • Windows 7 Built-in Firewall
  1. Go to control panel and open Windows Firewall
  2. Click on Advanced Settings
  3. Click on Inbound Rules, then New Rule
  4. For the Rule Type, choose Port and hit Next
  5. For Protocol and Ports, select TCP protocol and type in 3306 for the Specific local ports and hit Next
  6. For Action, leave it at default which is Allow the connection and hit Next
  7. For Profile, you can leave it as default (everything checked by default) and hit Next
  8. For Name, set it to MySQL or any name that you will know what it is and click Finished
  • Windows XP Built-in Firewall
  1. Open Control Panel and Set to 'Classic View'
  2. Double Click on Windows Firewall
  3. Click on tab that says Exceptions
  4. Click on Add Port
  5. Name it MySQL or any other name
  6. Set the port number to 3306
  7. Choose TCP and click OK
Note: If XBMC is unable to connect to the MySQL server, returning an error code [1130]:

If this occurs to you, try amending Step 2 above to read GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'xbmc'@'xxx.xxx.xxx.%'; where xxx.xxx.xxx is the first three quadrants of your home network's IP address (192.168.1 for example) and % as the last quadrant to allow addresses on the same subnet to connect.

MySQL can also be installed on some network-attached storage (NAS) device devices. Here are some guides for various NAS devices that can have a MySQL server installed:

7.1 About FreeNAS

http://www.freenas.org/


FreeNAS is a FreeBSD based NAS system that can be run on almost any hardware - it uses ZFS for disk and file management. It is used at home and in enterprise businesses. 99% of tasks can be done via the web interface.


Example below is based on FreeNAS 9.1.1 on 12/12/13, and assumes you have already configured your nas with drives, datasets etc

7.2 How to

7.2.1 Make a jail

create a Jail via the FreeNAS webui - if unsure see here http://doc.freenas.org/index.php/Adding_Jails

make a note of the jail IP address shown - you will need this to put in the advancedsettings.xml file on the XBMC machine later

7.2.2 Prepare the jail


type the following commands

  • jls

Take note of the JID of the jail you created, use it in the command below and replace n with the number of the jail you just created

  • jexec n csh

7.2.3 Install mysql

You are now inside your jail

  • pkg install mysql55-server
  • pkg install nano
    • (nano is a text editor you will need shortly)

We now need to enable mysql in rc.conf

  • nano /etc/rc.conf

insert the line below into the rc.conf file

  • mysql_enable="YES"

save the file and exit (see bottom of nano edit page for keystrokes info)

  • service mysql-server start

Optional step below - this is an automated script that will secure you mysql instance - it will prompt you for answers to questions. Its up to you if you do this.

  • mysql_secure_installation

7.2.4 Configure mysql ready for xbmc to use

type in

  • mysql -u root -p


You are now in mysql administration


  • CREATE USER 'xbmc' IDENTIFIED BY 'xbmc';
  • GRANT ALL ON *.* TO 'xbmc';
  • quit;

that's it - proceed to the next step below and configure XBMC to use your FreeNAS hosted XBMC MYSQL database - I love mine!



Next step: Setting up XBMC
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