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Archive:Configuring XBMC Live

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All the following commands must run in the chroot-ed environment created with MIC. Use the "Terminal" icon in MIC to start such a session.


Contents

1 Add restricted user & configure user

As a general security measure, XBMC will run as unpriviledged user. A new user is therefore added to the system with:

adduser xbmc

A new group called 'admin' is to be created:

addgroup admin  --system

and the xbmc user is added to the new group:

adduser xbmc admin

Type the following to configure audio and removable media support:

adduser xbmc admin 
adduser xbmc adm 
adduser xbmc dialout 
adduser xbmc cdrom 
adduser xbmc floppy 
adduser xbmc audio 
adduser xbmc dip 
adduser xbmc video 
adduser xbmc plugdev 
adduser xbmc fuse
adduser xbmc sudo


2 Configure IP

Edit the file /etc/network/interfaces copying the following lines. Those will allow automatic DHCP IP assignemt on eth0, or assign a fixed IP is the last block is uncommented:


# Used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8). See the interfaces(5) manpage or
# /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples for more information.
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
#iface eth0 inet static
#address 192.168.0.100
#netmask 255.255.255.0
#gateway 192.168.0.1


3 Configure name resolution

Edit /etc/resolv.conf' copying the following lines:

domain dummy.net 
nameserver 208.67.222.222 
nameserver 208.67.220.220 

This will configure OpenDNS servers for name resolution.


4 Set hostname

Edit /etc/hostname and replace the default hostname with:

XBMCLive


5 Edit hosts file

Edit /etc/hosts and replace the existing lines with the following ones:

127.0.0.1 localhost
127.0.1.1 XBMCLive

PS. for the unusual 2nd line see Debian manuals

6 Set proper language environment

apt-get install --reinstall language-pack-en

Edit /etc/environment adding the following two lines:

LC_ALL=en_US.utf8
LANG=en_US.utf8


7 Configure Xorg to be able to be launched at boot

Edit '/etc/X11/Xwrapper.config' and change the line

allowed_users=console

to

allowed_users=anybody


8 Enable password-less sudo

Run 'visudo' and add the following lines:

%admin  ALL=(ALL) ALL
xbmc ALL=NOPASSWD: /bin/mount, /bin/umount, /sbin/reboot, /sbin/shutdown

then uncomment

%sudo ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL

9 Create XBMC init.d start script and related helpers

Grab the file "xbmc" from SVN and save it in /etc/init.d. Make it executable and create a symlink in the /etc/rc2.d directory:

ln -s ../init.d/xbmc S50xbmc

Grab the files runXBMC.sh, diskmounter, setAlsaVolumes.py, installXBMC.py from SVN and save them in /usr/bin. Then make the executable by using chmod -x on all of them.

10 Insert xbmc usplash theme

Forum user 'Duduke' has kindly contributed a nice XBMC usplash theme; get it from sourceforge repository, copy the .so file on the target filesystem and type:

cp /tmp/XBMC-theme.so /usr/lib/usplash/
cd /etc/alternatives/
rm usplash-artwork.so
ln -s  /usr/lib/usplash/XBMC-theme.so usplash-artwork.so

There are also some additional variations in the developer's Blog.

11 Automount local hard drive partitions

Add the script "diskmounter" checked out from the SVN to '/usr/bin'

/usr/bin/diskmounter

and make it executable:

chmod +x /usr/bin/diskmounter


12 Enable xbmc to execute power-related DBUS calls

polkit-auth --user xbmc --grant org.freedesktop.hal.power-management.shutdown

polkit-auth --user xbmc --grant org.freedesktop.hal.power-management.shutdown-multiple-sessions

polkit-auth --user xbmc --grant org.freedesktop.hal.power-management.reboot

polkit-auth --user xbmc --grant org.freedesktop.hal.power-management.reboot-multiple-sessions

polkit-auth --user xbmc --grant org.freedesktop.hal.power-management.set-powersave

polkit-auth --user xbmc --grant org.freedesktop.hal.power-management.suspend

polkit-auth --user xbmc --grant org.freedesktop.hal.power-management.hibernate

polkit-auth --user xbmc --grant org.freedesktop.hal.storage.mount-removable

13 Enable eject button of your ODD

To allow an optical media to be ejected by pressing the button edit the file /etc/sysctl.conf and insert the following line:

dev.cdrom.lock=0

14 Enable 24 Frames per Second Video Output on ION

There is an easy to follow guide on enabling 24fps on nVidia ION here.

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